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Viburnum opulus European Snowball Viburnum

Viburnum opulus 'Roseum'

European Snowball Viburnum

Originally known as V. opulus 'Sterilis' which is still in use in lieu of the now accepted nomenclature.  A large rounded shrub reaching 10-12'.  Probably the oldest known garden viburnum as it was recorded in the 16th century as "Sambucus Rose".   Considered to be an heirloom plant, possibly why it is the most commonly known viburnum to the public.  Blooms profusely with large, double 3" flowers in "snowballs" in mid May.  Flowers are first apple green, changing to pure white for an extended period.  In high demand by the floral industry as a cut flower for arrangements.  All of the flowers are sterile so there is no fruit.  Fall color is shades of reds and yellows.  Another common name for the European snowball is the guelder rose, referring to its origins in Gelderland, Netherlands.  Zone 3

USDA Hardiness Zone:



10-12 Feet


10-12 Feet

Viburnum opulus 'Roseum' Characteristics

Growth Rate in the Garden

  • Moderate


  • Rounded

Soil Requirements

  • Moist, well drained
  • Acid

Sun Requirements

  • Full Sun to Part Shade

Fall Color

  • Red and yellow

Flowering Season

  • Mid to late May

Fragrant Flowers

  • No


  • No

Native to

  • Netherlands